A Study in Emerald

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A Study in Emerald is a Hugo Award-winning short story by Neil Gaiman, essentially an Intercontinuity Crossover between Sherlock Holmes and the works of HP Lovecraft. Written in the style of a classic Holmes pastiche, this story, roughly following the plot of the first Holmes novel A Study in Scarlet, finds a brilliant consulting detective and his new flatmate investigating the gruesome murder of a member of the royal family.

Can be read here for free, in nifty newsprint format. Which we highly recommend you do before proceeding to the trope list, which contains spoilers.

And also just because it's awesome.

Tropes used in A Study in Emerald include:

Indeed. I hate to say this, but it is my experience that when a doctor goes to the bad, he is a fouler and darker creature than the worst cut-throat.

    • Subverted, in that the average reader is quite likely to agree with the killer, Dr. Watson, that his actions were right and necessary.
    • This is also either a Continuity Nod or Mythology Gag, in that the line is originally used to describe Dr. Roylott in The Adventure of the Speckled Band: "When a doctor does go wrong he is the first of criminals."
  • Deliberate Values Dissonance: Tentacled horrors running the place? The natural order of things. To do it otherwise would just be silly.
  • Designated Villain: The murderous duo that the protagonists chase. The reader sympathises with their attempts to free humanity by killing the Old Ones.
  • Did You Just Have Tea With Cthulhu: Early in the story, the protagonists are briefed by the Queen who while oddly voiced, speaks English and talks lucidly, and is nice enough to heal the narrator's injury. She seems decent enough if you ignore the strong implication (probably certainty) that she and her relatives like to Mind Rape people every once in a while and will probably wipe out humanity pretty soon.
  • Did You Just Punch Out Cthulhu?: Two men manage to knife to death a Bohemian prince, a sort of Old One half-breed.
  • Did You Just Romance Cthulu: Victoria is not the same same species as Prince Albert in this universe.
  • Eldritch Abomination: The Great Ones, naturally, inclding Queen Victoria, the Black One of Egypt, and the Ancient Goat.
  • Expy: The Great One Parent to a Thousand, of Lovecraft's Mother of a Thousand Young
  • Genius Bonus: Readers who are particularly knowledgable about Sherlock Holmes will realise earlier the protagonists' real identities as Moran and Moriarty.
  • God Save Us From the Queen: Queen Victoria. Not that one. She's called Victoria because she conquered Europe centuries ago.
  • Half-Human Hybrid: The royal family is all some fraction Eldritch Abomination.
  • Improbable Species Compatibility: Victoria's consort is quite human, while she towers over them.
  • Hero Antagonist
  • Lovecraft Lite
  • Names to Run Away From Really Fast: The Czar Unanswerable, the Black One of Egypt, Parent to a Thousand.
  • Noble Top Enforcer: Lestrade, the detective, narrator and Prince Albert all seem like decent people.
  • Obliviously Evil: The protagonists and Lestrade.
  • Perspective Flip: Kind of. Moriarty and Moran are the "good guys" and Holmes and Watson are the antagonists. However, while the reader probably ends up seeing the latter as still being heroic, Moriarty and Moran actually are well-intentioned in this setting despite their allegiance to Eldritch Abominations.
  • Royally Screwed-Up: Played for kind of dark humor in that the Queen's relatives seem to be the usual debauched and reckless sort that the human Victoria had (and probably many/most monarchs have), but it's taken Up to Eleven, given what they are.
  • Serial Numbers Filed Off (In-Universe): The play they see concerning the girl who sells violets is The Little Match Girl by Hans Christian Andersen with a few details changed.
  • Sherlock Scan: Mostly played straight with the Great Detective, but subverted/parodied in the scene where he recognises that the murder victim is a member of the German royal family... by the number of his limbs and the green shade of his blood.
  • Shout-Out: In the advertisements between chapters. Exsanguinations by Vlad Tepes, anyone?
  • Staring Down Cthulhu: The consulting detective, when he meets Victoria, doesn't seem at all intimidated.
  • That's What I Would Do: The detective tells the narrator that he figured out how the murderers got away based on the fact that he would have done the same thing.
  • Title Drop: When Moran describes the crime scene.
  • Tomato Surprise
  • Twice-Told Tale: The ending can be hard to follow unless you're relatively familiar with the Sherlock Holmes canon. (The story doesn't require a similarly close knowledge of the Cthulhu mythos, but it doesn't hurt.)
  • The Watson: Well, it's a Sherlock Holmes pastiche, after all.
  • Worthy Opponent: The Great Detective and his equally clever antagonist take this attitude toward each other.