Otto von Bismarck

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      "Nicht durch Reden und Majoritätsbeschlüsse werden die großen Fragen der Zeit entschieden -- das ist der große Fehler von 1848 und 1849 gewesen -- sondern durch Eisen und Blut." [1]


      Born to a wealthy Prussian family in 1815, Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck is most famous for the role he played in creating the German Empire, his Blood and Iron speech, and for having been a Magnificent Bastard.

      Bismarck had a long career in politics, starting with being appointed as a representative to the Prussian legislature, and eventually becoming Chancellor of the German Empire. It should be said, that while the Chancellor was supposed to be subservient to the Emperor, Bismarck tended to just do what he wanted. He really only kept his position for so long because he was just that good at running Germany, and was the only one skilled enough to maintain the complicated foreign policy he had set up. Unfortunately for Bismarck (and eventually Germany) Wilhelm II quickly got fed up with him having his own agenda, and got rid of him.

      Otto von Bismarck provides examples of the following tropes:

      "Nothing should be left to an invaded people except their eyes for weeping."

      • Large and In Charge: Over six feet tall and around two hundred sixty pounds at his heaviest.
      • Magnificent Bastard: Bismarck ruthlessly manipulated everyone around him (up to and including the Emperor himself) to get his way.
      • The Man Behind the Man: He played his own king (and later Emperor) like a flute. As the king put it: "It's hard to be king under such a chancellor."
      • Manipulative Bastard
      • Morality Pet: Germany.
      • Morally Ambiguous Chancellor.
      • Nice Hat: Often seen on photos wearing a Pickelhaube.
      • Out-Gambitted: By himself no less! You see, he had taken Wilhelm II under his wing to influence him into going against his father. Though this worked in turning Wilhelm away from his father's policies, Bismark didn't account on Wilhelm's father being Emperor for only 99 days, and thus created a monster (Wilhelm) that he himself couldn't control. Then, Bismark was out-gambitted again by Wilhelm - who managed to out gambit himself by out-gambitting Bismarck, see What an Idiot! below.
      • Pet the Dog: He originated the modern social insurance system - ironically, as a means of reducing worker support for the socialist parties, which he loathed.
      • Pragmatic Villainy: He had only few scruples he wasn't willing to override. He just found more expedient and effective ways to get what he wanted than by kicking the dog.
      • Screw the Rules, I Make Them
      • Sobriquet: The Iron Chancellor.
      • Start of Darkness: While it's indisputable he did not and would not have approved of the actions of most of his successors, the centralization and authoritarianism he fostered in the nascent German Empire turned out quite unhealthy for Germany's prospects in the early-mid 20th century.
      • Stay in the Kitchen: When Prussia faced a revolution in 1848, and King Frederick William IV decided to leave Berlin for the safety of Potsdam, Bismarck tried to rally the peasants of his estate and march on Berlin in the name of the king, but was told that he would be more useful providing food for the Army.
        • Of course, considering that he practically advocated rather... extreme measures be carried out during the march, the matter of political expediency and preventing Berlin from falling apart even further also came into play.
      • What an Idiot!: On the part of Wilhelm II. Yeah, firing the Magnificent Bastard who put your country together and has been running it for the past twenty years, in the middle of a diplomatic semi-crisis that he instigated and was in the process of resolving, was the best possible thing you could have done. Of course, in his eyes, it *was*. Particularly since he calculated (correctly) that Germany could ride the crisis out, *bitterly* resented Bismarck on a personal (Very Personal and hardly unjustified level, and was tired of being hemmed in by the Iron Chancellor's power. He just didn't take into account the long term, and the fact that there might have been a very good reason for keeping him out of the loop.
      • What Could Have Been: What would have happened if Bismarck had never influenced Wilhelm II and remained in power? Would the World Wars, Russian Revolution, and the Cold War never have happened? Possibly.
        • At least not in the way they did eventually happen.
        • Alternatively: what if he never succeeded (at least to the way he did) in unifying Germany under as authoritarian a nation as it was?
      1. "Not by speeches and votes of the majority are the great questions of time decided -- that was the great error of 1848 and 1849 -- but by iron and blood."