Satire, Parody, Pastiche
Laurie: Simon Flitoris, you saw that sketch, what did you think was going on there?
Fry: Well, you know, again, I thought it was very trite, rather predictable, I don't know what the word is you'd use to describe it, really...
Fry: Sort of, yes. Cod, spoof, guying, takeoff, pastiche, parody...
There seems to be confusion here, elsewhere on the internet and in the wider world about about what satire actually is. For example, Keanu Reeves said in an interview that he liked being "satirized" on the cover of Mad Magazine. However, Reeves's appearance on the front cover of Mad was a "caricature". If even great minds of the 20th Century like Keanu Reeves are making this mistake, what chance do the rest of us have?
To help make things a little less complicated, here's a handy-dandy breakdown of three useful words for you to cut out and keep.
Satire is a genre of writing that criticizes and attacks vice, folly and abuse, particularly of ruling parties or those in power. It is marked by anger and a desire to change or destroy that which it attacks. It has a definite target and often uses humour to make a specific point. It does not simply "make fun" of a subject but seeks to inspire change. Ranges from the Horatian ("You need to laugh at yourself" - OK, that one is humor-related) to the Juvenalian ("You need to die").
Parody (also "Spoof") is the practice of copying the mannerisms, style or appearance of a work or its author's voice to make a point about that work (or sometimes unrelated other works). By adopting the guise of the attacked work, the artist reveals its inherent ridiculousness. Parody is generally gentler than satire and less venomous—indeed, it is often good-natured or affectionate. It only attacks the style and content of a fictional work and not real-life events. It is possible to use a parody as the basis for a satire, however. See also Parody Tropes.
A Pastiche (from Italian pasticcio, a kind of meat pie) is something that copies or mimics elements of another work's style, possibly in a humorous way, but usually just as an affectionate nod to another artist's work. While the artist may have made the pastiche in homage, the work itself does not necessarily make any points, favourable or unfavourable, about the original. In a sense, it is a collection of references. See also Musical Pastiche.
Not to be confused with Parodied Trope.
If a parody, satire or pastiche is merely copying something line by line, scene by scene, image by image, then accusations of Plagiarism will quickly arise.
The Futurama episode "A Big Piece of Garbage" is ...
- ... a satire on garbage disposal. Repeatedly, the characters voice their disdain for the short-sightedness of 20th-century people for not recycling and for letting their garbage get so out of control, it will doom millions of lives—a commentary the authors hope will resonate with modern viewers.
- ... a parody of the movie Armageddon, where the central plot is to send brave astronauts to plant an explosive device to destroy an apocalypse-causing asteroid.
- ... a pastiche of science-fiction tropes and popular culture references from many different sources.