Wax On, Wax Off

Everything About Fiction You Never Wanted to Know.

"Before Enlightenment, carry water, chop wood.

After Enlightenment, carry water, chop wood."
Buddhist Saying

An odd form of training passed off by an unorthodox master on a skeptical student. Sometimes comes disguised as a set of chores, but just as often is a general exercise that promotes a valuable physical or mental attribute in a strange way. Always dismissed as a waste of time early on, and appreciated later. Often this also serves as a lesson to the skeptical student to trust the master and do all the crazy things the master asks without questioning, by demonstrating that the master really knows what he's doing and is in fact effectively teaching the student.

May be time-compressed in a Training Montage or Hard Work Montage. This is an integral part of Improvised Training, due to the low cost.

Commonly subverted/parodied when a mildly Genre Savvy hero initially assumes he is receiving valuable training, only to realize that he is just being made to do his sensei's chores. Double Subverted if the sensei tells him that this realization is the valuable lesson.

Named for the most famous example, Mr. Miyagi's training of Daniel-san in The Karate Kid. Daniel was expecting some rigorous "This is how you punch, this is how you kick" training from the get-go, but instead Miyagi tells him to do various chores, and shows him the precise ways he wants those things done. After painting the house, painting the fence, sanding the decks and rubbing wax on and off a small fleet of cars, Daniel was ready to quit, believing he was being used as a slave. Miyagi then demonstrated that those chores were to build up strength and muscle memory of how to perform various blocking actions, as well as testing how much patience he had. THEN Miyagi showed Daniel how to punch, kick, etc. (He also gave Daniel one of the cars!)

On the realistic end, this can be an effective training method in regards to strength and motion, but is no substitute for the real training to follow.

Compare Training from Hell, Taught By Experience, I Know Mortal Kombat, Chekhov's Skill. May also double as a form of Physical Fitness Punishment. When the mundane task comes at the end of your training, it's When You Snatch the Pebble. The teacher is often a Magical Asian.

Examples of Wax On, Wax Off include:

Anime & Manga

  • On Dragon Ball, Master Roshi takes it to comedic excess when he forces Krillin and Goku to work long hours delivering milk on foot, sowing fields with their bare hands, and doing chores at construction sites, all the while wearing weighted turtle shells. He makes a few bucks off it, too. It does really build them up fast, however. Dragon Ball was fond of this trope and repeated it frequently, often setting Goku to a mundane but laborious task to retrieve an item that would increase his power, only to reveal that it was the task itself that increased his strength.
    • Occasionally the teacher would admit from the get-go that that was what was going on. When Goku first went to train with King Kai, he found that the gravity was so impressively strong that he could barely move (precisely, ten times the gravity of Earth). King Kai told Goku that he'd be ready to train when he could catch Bubbles the monkey, and later, use a mallet to hammer Gregory the cricket on the head - because, obviously, it'd mean that he'd strengthened enough that he could move well enough in the high gravity for the training to be any good.
      • The gravity of Kai's world was also the same as that of the planet Vegeta, homeworld of the enemies Goku was training to fight. As Kai noted, Goku would never be a match for them if he couldn't handle the same gravity they did.
  • Ranma's training in Ranma ½ started here and escalated to lunatic levels of difficulty and danger.
    • Ranma's rival Ryoga also undergoes this type of training, in the form of swinging boulders at him to learn the rock-crushing Bakusai Tenketsu technique. As it turns out, Bakusai Tenketsu only works against rigid objects like rocks, but getting hit repeatedly by swinging boulders eventually makes the fighter Nigh Invulnerable. Oh, and Cologne taught the technique to Ryoga specifically so that Ranma would get paranoid (He'll be able to kill me with just one finger!), train on his own to be super-good at dodging, and as a consequence become a better suitor for her granddaughter's hand.
    • A Filler episode has Kuno trying to get the ingredients for Happosai's "speed of light elixir" where the actual training was getting the notes with the formula hidden in places he has to be really fast to get away with without getting beaten (girl's locker rooms, clothes lines). The training made him faster but the formula wasn't just worthless, it made him weaker and sick because it was made from the dirt under Happosai's nails.
      • In another instance involving Kuno, this was actually inverted and parodied: turns out that he had gone to Watermelon Island, where he trained under a waterfall by dicing watermelons as they came down from upstream. Eventually, he got so good at it that he'd chop up watermelons to tiny cubes entirely by reflex, attaining a speed and destructive potential that even Ranma couldn't get past...! But it turned out that this Training from Hell wasn't meant for combat at all, it was all so he could woo girls at the Smashing Watermelons game—devoting valuable training and (accidentally) earning great skill in order to do something completely mundane.
    • Not to mention a lot of those 'chores' or other mundane activities are the martial arts.
  • Parodied in Inuyasha. When Inuyasha wanted to get stronger and power up his BFS, he went to Totosai, the original maker of the sword, to train. Totosai, completely oblivious, made an offhand comment about wanting a bath; Inuyasha took this to mean that he should cut firewood, haul water, and work the bellows to heat the fire as part of his training, and went to work with atypical gusto.
    • He then proceeded to wreck Totosai's shit after realizing that it was all a misunderstanding.
  • A subversion from Pokémon: Brock and Ash meet Bruno, a member of the Elite 4 who agrees to train them. He gets them to do a ton of chores. Brock assumes this all has a deeper meaning but Bruno just wanted his chores done, which is followed by his training which can be summed up in one sentence: "Be nice to Pokemon."
  • Rosario + Vampire Double Subverts it, when Moka nabbed a magic-cancelling whip so Inner Moka could come out and play, and they she took Tsukune out on a shopping trip around town, which led to attacks from the rest of the Harem. Tsukune figures out how to remotely sense demonic energy as a matter of survival, which everyone concludes was her motive. No, it turns out she just wanted to do some shopping as her True Self. A subversion of the usual subversion, as, despite the "task" not having been meant to teach him anything, it proved valuable anyway.
  • Aquarion loves this trope, and parodies it whenever possible.
  • When the heroes of GetBackers want to learn to use Divine Design, they get a witch friend to help them learn the basics of magic. The first task? Stacking eggs.
  • Takumi from Initial D, or so he thinks, starts out driving at 4:00 AM as fast as possible while delivering his dad's tofu to the peak of Mount Akina and drifting to prevent the tofu from rolling around, in order to return home ASAP and catch a little snooze before going to school.
  • In Pokémon Special, the Daycare Lady locks Gold into a cage full of dangerous looking Pokemon. Gold's Cyndaquil ends up evolving thanks to fighting them and Gold immediately shouts his thanks. Turns out the old lady was just too lazy to look after the Pokemon herself and was using Gold to give them some exercise.
  • In Fullmetal Alchemist, just to get to start Izumi's Training from Hell for alchemy you need to survive in the wilderness for a month with just a knife and to find out the meaning of "all is one, one is all". The thing is that by nearly dying you realize how you're just part of an endless cycle of life which can easily move on without you, and how alchemy is a miniature replication of such a cycle through a circle of your own body. This was training her teacher required her to do, shown in one volume's gaiden to actually be a subversion: the guy she asked to be apprentice was the brother of the guy she wanted to learn alchemy from, and he thought she wanted hand-to-hand-combat training.
  • Subverted in Medabots, which had a chapter in which Ikki and Metabee did Dr. Aki's housework, and while Metabee told Ikki that they were, Ikki thought they were doing a Wax On, Wax Off deal. Later on, when they fight... The good doctor tells them they were doing his chores and that it served no practical purpose.
  • Ayanes High Kick: When Ayane accepts Kunimitsu's offer for training, he declares that the first step is for her to build the training ring, to help build her physical strength and stamina.
  • A filler episode of One Piece uses a learn a craft variant. A young kid who had only worked as a dish washer on a Marine ship kitchen accidentally destroys the weekly (and almost legendary) curry lunch for the officers, and the head chef forces him to make a new batch on his own as punishment. With Sanji providing some subtle clues of his own, the kid learns that the observations made as a simple dish washer have given him the fundamental skills to cook the meal.
  • Averted in Saiyuki. Kouryuu is constantly seen sweeping up leaves when speaking to his master- but this seems to be because he wants the courtyard to be clean and there is nothing to suggest that Koumyou even asked him to do it.


  • As mentioned above, The Karate Kid. Inverted in the third sequel starring Hilary Swank when Mister Miyagi teaches a new kata...how to do the waltz.
    • Also played straight in the third sequel when, after Swank's character calls Miyagi on his bullshit and refuses to wax anything, he gets a similar job done by having her babysit a bunch of kids who constantly fire at her with their toys, giving her no choice but to practice her reflexes and blocking motions.
    • In the reboot, Mr. Han has Dre continually take off his coat, hang it, drop it, pick it up, and put it on. Dre initially interprets this as punishment for his attitude towards his mother, until the Wax On Wax Off kicks in later.
      • And even what Dre was doing is very Truth in Television - He was building up muscle memory. As you can see when Mr. Han starts punching at Dre, he is performing blocks. Shaolin Kenpo calls these "Wing blocks" because they resemble a wing motion.
  • In the film Dodgeball, Rip Torn's character uses a few exotic methods to improve the "Average Joes" team's dodging skill, including crossing a busy street, and throwing wrenches at them. "if you can dodge a wrench, you can dodge a ball!."
  • A realistic portrayal of how martial arts schools used to do this was in Kill Bill when The Bride as part of her training had to carry buckets of water up a large set of stairs.
  • Also parodied in the film Mystery Men; the Sphinx trains the eponymous squad with a series of bizarre physical feats justified by odd wordplay, as seen in this exchange:

Mr. Furious: Why am I balancing a hammer on my head?
The Sphinx: When you can balance a tack hammer on your head, you can head off your foes with a balanced attack.
Mr. Furious: Then why do I have these watermelons on my feet?
The Sphinx: I don't remember telling you to do that.

  • The eponymous ursidae-member Po in Kung Fu Panda, who eats when he's upset, is taught kung fu by Master Shifu via eating dumplings with chopsticks; largely because Shifu discovers, quite by accident, that when Po is thinking about food, he's capable of feats that, when he's thinking about kung fu, he's not even aware exist.
  • Parodied in the Karate Kid rip-off Showdown. The martial artist master is making the hero clean toilets, and the hero is like "I get it, this is like Wax On, Wax Off, right?" The response? "No, this is toilet cleaning."
  • Parodied and subverted in Surf's Up, in which Big Z has Cody doing ridiculous training exercises to help him "learn how to surf". Cody finally figured out that Big Z was playing practical jokes on him, and learned that the real lesson was to relax and just have fun.
  • Parodied and subverted in the Japanese movie Waterboys. The boys high-school Synchro-Swim Team seeks help from a local Sea World Dolphin trainer. He makes them clean all the aquariums, under the quise of it being muscle training. It works, but it's obvious that he was just using them and didn't think it would help. Later, he takes them to an arcade and gives them $50 to play Dance Dance Revolution, as a lesson in getting in sync. Again, it's fake training and he drives off, singing happily that he's finally dumped them. However, he runs out of gas and returns to get his money back, thereby discovering that his false improvised training worked again.
  • Well before all of these, the 1978 Jackie Chan movie Drunken Master. Jackie plays Wong Fei-hung, a young punk who is punished by being put under the brutal training of So Hai, an alcoholic with a style known as the Eight Drunken Gods. So Hai appears to delight in putting Fei-hung through Training from Hell: pour water from one giant barrel to another, while balancing atop the barrels. Fill a bucket with a a teacup-oh, the bucket is on the top of a pole, the stream is on the bottom of the pole, and you do it by wrapping your legs around the top of the pole, hanging upside down, and doing upside down situps. Crush walnuts-WITH YOUR HANDS, not a nutcracker. Do katas in time with your instructor-with your hands roped to his, so he can yank you around if you're too slow...or just for the hell of it. Of course, it all comes clear in the climactic battle against the film's Big Bad. the bucket exercise gives you a hell of a grip. Just imagine your enemy's ear is a bucket handle. Balancing atop the barrels means you're also used to being off balance and you've strengthened your ankles, definitely required if you plan to use Drunken Boxing. Upside down situps give you powerful abs, required if you plan to have the speed to get out of the way of enemy kicks. Walnut cracking by hand? Imagine your enemy's larynx is a walnut...
  • Played surprisingly straight in Sgt. Kabukiman N.Y.P.D.; to learn how to control his powers, Harry must sort a huge pile of rice by variety, practice coming up with Haikus, and take a whole bunch of groin attacks. Okay, so maybe not that straight.
  • Mentioned (but not done) in the second Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles film. While cleaing April's apartment, Mikey, who's cleaning the counters, bids his brothers to watch him.

Mikey: Watch this! (Ala Miyagi) "Wax on, wax off. Wax on, wax off. Wax on-"
Raph: (Stops him) Mouth. Off!



  • In The Crimson Tide you can spend some years in a monastery. If you try and learn martial arts, you get some added combat skill. If you work in the laundry or the kitchens, you finally discover that you've been training in the Wax on, wax off style. Using this style later in the book makes fights far easier, and you last longer in hopeless Bad End combat scenes. It's also a prerequisite for getting the good ending.


  • Parodied in the Discworld novel Mort when the hero, as Death's apprentice, is told that if he wants to understand the secrets of space and time he must muck out the stables. After considering various reasons why this might be part of his training, he comes to the conclusion that it's because Death was "knee-deep in horseshit". A Double Subversion, though, as Death insists that, by realising this, Mort has learnt something significant (something to the effect of "Always see things for what they are").

Lobsang: "I mean, I understand how it works. The master makes the pupil do all the menial jobs, and then it turns out the pupil is really learning things of great value ... And I don't think I'm learning anything, really, except that people are pretty messy and inconsiderate.
Lu-Tze: "Not a bad lesson, all the same."

    • Granny Weatherwax is also a major believer in Wax On, Wax Off, not just as training for young witches (such as Eskarina and Tiffany) but as a permanent part of a professional witch's repertoire.
  • In David Eddings' Belgariad universe, the arch-wizard Belgarath learned the Functional Magic of 'The Will and The Word' from the reclusive Physical God, Aldur, in this way. Aldur kept setting his young apprentice to various menial, pointless and increasingly strenuous tasks, culminating in him ordering the young Belgarath to move a boulder out of his way, since he couldn't be bothered to step around it...
    • And of course, Belgarath used the same thing for Garion. When Garion moved the boulder, however, he tried lifting the thing. Newtonian physics still work, apparently. Garion found himself in a rather deep hole.
  • In Warcraft the Last Guardian, a Warcraft Expanded Universe novel, the first task that our hero faces when attempting to become the wizard Medivh's apprentice is to clean, fix and sort out his library. This turns out to be a Secret Test of Character, since an apprentice is supposed to know the contents of the library inside and out and have the patience and humility to do some physical work every now and then.
    • Also to show that the student can tell which books will eat/incinerate/otherwise main him/her.
  • In A Game of Thrones, Syrio Forel trains Arya Stark for Braavosi-style fencing by forcing her to chase and catch the stray cats roaming the castle at King's Landing. The point, of course, is for her to get fast enough to catch them and avoid being scratched. Subverted in that she understands the purpose of it all and appreciates it.
  • In E.W. Hildick's The McGurk Mysteries series, Jack McGurk (leader of a band of kid detectives) frequently came up with "training exercises" that also got the other kids to do his work for him. For example, raking the yard to match leaves. The point, as McGurk explained, was to look for leaves that didn't match the trees in the yard. Really, he was just getting the others to rake the yard so he didn't have to.
  • In By the Sword, Kero's training with Tarma begins with a whole lot of chopping wood. She doesn't seem to resent it, but she does eventually get curious when Tarma starts having her chop wood that's been set up in oddly specific configurations, at which point Tarma finally gets around to explaining the specific purpose of the exercise.
  • In A Matter Of Thorns (Realms of Infamy) by James M. Ward a Knight Errant explains his approach:

Sir Ganithar "the Hammer": You must learn to serve me. Loyal service is as important to a squire as the arts of war. Do you understand, boy?
Tomkin: Yes, sir, I'll always serve you to the best of my ability. I'll do whatever you tell me to do, Sir Ganithar.
Ganithar: No, no, lad. That's not what I want. Try to anticipate what I need. Anticipation is vital in a warrior, too. Figure out what I need and respond to me before I ask. I'll teach you to do the same to your foes. That's the way of a good warrior.

  • The Wheel of Time does this to Avhienda in The Gathering Storm. It turns out to be the double-subversion variety.
    • Specifically, the Wise Ones begin loading Avhienda up with useless chores and punishments, seemingly for no reason at all. After a few weeks of this, Avhienda gets so fed up that she angrily tells the Wise Ones that she doesn't deserve any of it and isn't going to put up with it any longer. This is apparently how they determine when their apprentices are finished with their training.
    • Its more of a triple subversion. The double subversion is supposed to teach humility, but her training was to teach her to stand up to the Wise Ones
  • In the Circle of Magic series, ambient mages have to study and learn everything about their affinity, including the tedious chores.
  • Subverted in the 1953 novel "A Light in the Forest": True Son, an Anglo man raised by a native tribe, tells one of his young white relatives that in order to be strong he has to chase butterflies and rub some of the powder from their wings on his chest, which he says is magical. One of the white men comments that the story is a good way to convince children to exercise, but True Son is surprised by the comment: he genuinely believes in the magical properties of the butterfly dust.
  • This is supposedly the way that Dragon Riders were taught to be aware of their magic: They were given incredibly arduous tasks to do (such as filling barrels using buckets - using only their feet) so that they would eventually get so frustrated that they'd spontaneously do something magical.

Live Action TV

  • R.J., of Power Rangers Jungle Fury does this to bring Casey up to speed with the other Rangers, with the minor subversion that one of the tasks really was pointless, even though the other three weren't.
  • Also in Juken Sentai Gekiranger, a shorter version of the Power Rangers version above (only one task, which taught the hero how to be a better bull-rusher). Ostensibly, fighting the monster corresponding to the one in the Jungle Fury example.
  • Parodied in an episode of Zoey 101 when a character is taught how to drive a car with manual transmission in this fashion.
  • On How I Met Your Mother Marshall succesfully convinces Barney that he could pick up any chick he wanted in less than five seconds by going up to a supposedly "random" woman (actually his fiancee), in a bar and kissing her passionately, while retelling this story Marshall says "He went around for a week trying to get me to teach him how to live, I even got him to do my laundry once!" to which Barney replies "I thought it was a Mr. Miyagi type of thing!"
  • Parodied on Breaker High where Jimmy is subjected to this kind of training just to learn how to make burritos.
  • In an episode of The Office, Michael unveils a movie he had been working on for years. In it, the hero has to learn how to play hockey and his mentor teaches him by having him mop the ice.

Tabletop Games

  • Used (of course) in Exalted: one of the Scroll of the Monk books had a comic depicting a martial arts student griping about his sifu making him slap water out of a pan for his special training. Then he slams his hand down on the table in anger and breaks it in half.

Video Games

  • Mage training with Mebbeth in Planescape: Torment comes in the form of three chores. With a high enough intelligence or wisdom, The Nameless One will even figure out the lessons all on his own. After it turns out that The Nameless One knows magic already from a previous life, Mebbeth comments wryly that he just shaved months off his training and that she'd been looking forward to having someone to foist her chores off on.
  • In possibly one of the most hilariously random quests ever, Summon Night: Swordcraft Story has your training under a great Craftlord involve running around collecting parts which are food ingredients, so you can make...a ladle, with which to cook some curry for him. Of course, it turns out that this was the first training that he had under your father, so it's half-revenge, half-valuable lesson.
  • This is used a few times in the Shenmue series. For example, the second game where Ryo has to clear his mind by catching leaves.
  • Dwarf Fortress players call this "cross-training": Stat Grinding via exercise of skills that share the attributes with the skills you actually want to use. While infamous Legendary Cheesemaker immigrants may be mostly-useless sort of peasants, a cheesemaker trained non-stop from Dabbling to Legendary is likely to have 6 very good attributes and needs only modest basic training for acceptable performance in more profitable craft or militia.
    • Pre-training for the military can easily follow the Karate Kid example, with dwarfs spending days or months driving pumps, mining rock, cutting trees, carving rock, grinding grain, or any of a few different industries. On the other hand, it gets interesting when those same dwarfs build up their skills and expertise by tallying up every single rock in the fortress, or ordering the manufacture of several thousand bars of soap.
  • In perhaps one of the darker examples of this trope, there is a book you can read in Morrowind that tells the story of a young orphan sent to live with his uncle on a farm, and learn a trade from him. The Uncle gives him three chores to perform; dusting his bookshelves, ringing the bell to call farmhands, and scouring clean all the floors in the house. Each task had to be done perfectly; the bookshelves completely dust-free, the large iron bell rung loudly (and frequently,) and the floors spotless. In his eighteenth year, the boy discovers that his uncle means to abandon the now-failing farm, and the boy with it, without teaching him anything. The boy silently picks up a heavy axe, to discover it doesn't weigh any more than the dusting rod he'd used for years. The dusting and bell-ringing gave him the strength and muscle-memory to chop his uncle to bits, and finally cleaning up what was left of the man was far easier than cleaning up the grime that had usually covered the floor, in fact the floors are so clean that no-one could tell there had been a murder. Deciding he had indeed learned a trade after all, the young man eventually goes off to join the Assassin's Guild.
    • Incidentally, the book you read this charming little story from, titled "The Axe Man," is a skill book. What skill does it raise? Axes.


  • Double subverted in Fans. Master Kana's training of Rumy involves making her do chores around the house. When she finds out she's just being used, she attacks Kana and they start fighting. During the fight, Kana reveals that he was trying to make her angry, so she wouldn't hold back while they fight.
  • In the discontinued webcomic Ghost Cat, one of the leads take up martial arts under his elderly groundskeeper, who teaches him the ancient art of "Do Mae Wohk". Say it out loud...

Web Original

  • Spencer's training of the gang in Lonelygirl15 includes bizarre methods like hopping like a kangaroo, wandering around blindfolded, and playing '80s video games whilst eating candy. Jonas in particular is sceptical, but the methods are surprisingly effective. Well, except for the idea of plunging knives into a wall and pulling oneself up with them; that really was just an extremely dumb idea.
  • In Dragon Ball Abridged, when Tien, Yamcha, and Piccolo arrive on King Kai's planet, he sets Tien to the same training as Goku, lets Piccolo meditate, and tells Yamcha to wax his car. Yamcha assumes this trope is the case and launches into the task with gusto. Except Kai doesn't give a damn about Yamcha and just wanted to give him some menial chore to keep him busy.

Western Animation

  • Parodied on an episode of Johnny Bravo, in which the menial tasks really are just menial tasks, but let Johnny win the match anyway. (Much to Master Hama's disappointment. He'd bet against Johnny)
  • The Avatar: The Last Airbender episode "Sokka's Master" has Sokka seek sword training with Piandao; in addition to actual training with wooden practice swords, the training involves calligraphy, rock gardening, and landscape painting. Atypically, Piandao actually explains the purpose of these as he goes along (instead of afterwards), and Sokka performs them in very odd ways.
  • Penny Proud from The Proud Family goes through a spoof of the Karate Kid. Like painting the fences.
  • Grandpa does it to Jake in American Dragon: Jake Long and all of the chores he forces him to do turn out to have combat applications (except for doing his laundry).
  • Another parody in The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy, where medieval Boss Delwapo has Billy do his chores for him as training for fighting a dragon. In a scene paralleling The Karate Kid, Billy finds out that Boss just wanted his chores done. Turns out he's a Fake Ultimate Hero, though.
  • Parodied in an episode of Code Monkeys, "The Take Over", in which Dave trains under a Miyagi-esque sensei to prevail over Japanese competitors in a high-stakes eating competition. He assumes that he will be painting a fence, waxing a car, etc., but is instead instructed to eat such items as paint, wax, and sawdust to strengthen his stomach and make him able to eat anything.
  • Earthworm Jim played with this in its animation incarnation: Jim finds a enchanted sword in his vending machine sandwich, which vows to make a hero out of him. In the following scene Jim drags himself on camera, wearily explaining that he'd performed such tasks as regrouting the bathroom and cleaning out the stables of the seven incontinent yaks. He then asks if the tasks were meant to teach him humility. The Large Ham sword mutters, uncharacteristically quietly, "I dunno, they just... needed to be done, I wasn't going to do it..."
  • An episode of Storm Hawks has the eponymous characters meeting Arygyn the Skeelur, who trains them to take on their upgraded enemies...by taking them to an amusement park.
    • In another episode, where Sky-Knight Starling is confused by the team's training, which mostly consists of children's games resembling paintball and keep-away. The group assures her the games are important, and they come in handy saving a terra (even Finn's guitar playing!).
  • In DuckTales (2017) Emily Quackfaster gives Dewey some guidance.

Dewey: Okay, how much of this is just us doing your work for you?
Quackfaster: About 50 perceeeeeeeent.


Real Life

  • Truth in Television: Less today than in the past, certain traditional martial arts dojos have a program of uchideshi - live-in students. Besides training two or more times a day, possibly while holding down another job or completing university classes, they are also responsible, under the direction of the senior students, for the care and upkeep of the dojo, for cooking their own meals as well as catering for guests, and keeping their rooms in tip-top order. The care and discipline they put into these tasks is considered to be just as much a part of the training as the martial art practice.
  • This is similarly true for training in the US military: trainees are required to maintain the barracks area in addition to their regular training. This not only includes keeping their own rooms clean (which may include storing their clothes in a certain specific way), but also assigning specific people to carry out certain chores for a period of time (say, vacuuming the hallway for a week, or cleaning the latrine before lights-out). All this besides the weekly "GI[1] Party", where everybody cleans the entire barracks top to bottom, sometimes for hours at a time.
  • Apprentices of certain craftsmen would be put to various menial tasks in order for them to build the muscles or motor skills required for the craft.
    • Case in point: If you want to work at a traditional restaurant and you're not already a local big name, to actually prepare food there, odds are, you're going to wind up observing the kitchen from the dish pit for a few solid months before actually touching a single knife. This is well, as having a heaping mountain of ceramic, scraps and sauce hurled at you accompanied by strident orders teaches you the necessary sense of urgency for a cook like (or if) nothing else.
      • Or perhaps to teach the young chef that cleaning dishes and cookware is in fact, an inevitable part of cooking, and if you can't clean, you shouldn't cook.
  • Tae Kwon Do training can occasionally involve frog-hopping across the room, which helps build the muscles needed for jumping kicks.
  • Legendary basketball coach John Wooden would always begin the season's practice with a lecture on how properly to put on a pair of socks so as to avoid having them cause blisters during games. The attention to detail inherent in the lesson translated to fundamental soundness in all other elements of the game...and ten championships in twelve years. It's one of the many reasons why there are few who disagree when Wooden is called the greatest ever to coach the game.
  • Master Clark in Z Ultimate self defense (Formerly United Studios of Self Defense) that teaches Shaolin Kenpo actually has the quote, "Repetition is the mother of all skill". This is naturally why many defensive maneuvers or kenpo techniques (These are offensive in nature) are performed to the air as much as they are to someone who punches in.
    • The repetition idea is perhaps best demonstrated by a quote by Bruce Lee: "I fear not the man who has practiced ten thousand kicks one time. I fear the man who has practiced one kick ten thousand times."
  • Often seen in a Crossfit-type workout, where trainees may perform such unusual exercises as flipping tractor tires, swinging sledgehammers and jumping onto and off of large boxes.
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