Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Irish satirist, poet, Tory pamphleteer and Anglican priest whose works were published in the first decades of the 18th century. He is generally regarded as the preeminent satirist in the English language. All of Swift's works were published under pseudonyms, to maintain distance between his day job as a priest and his caustic, cynical wit.
Arguably an example of Vindicated by History: while his works were reasonably well known at the time, he and fellow Tory Alexander Pope are nowadays much better known than their Whig rivals such as Joseph Addison and Dick Steele, whose party defeated the Tories so comprehensively that it forced Swift into exile.
Of Swift's works, three are still well-known today:
- Gullivers Travels, a satire of travelogues
- A Modest Proposal, a satirical essay written to protest the suffering of the Irish under British rule
- A Tale of a Tub, a satirical (noticing a trend?) novel