Good Is Not Dumb

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"Just because you're an angel doesn't mean you have to be a fool."

Good Is Not Dumb is the trope where a sincerely good, kind, and polite character is underestimated by others because of their kind nature.

Unlike Obfuscating Stupidity, Good Is Not Dumb does not involve any deception at all—the subject is genuinely nice and honest, but the cynicism of others lead them to misread the character as The Ditz, a Gentleman Thief, or some other gullible or deceptive archetype. After all, no one really gets through life being kind and trusting to everyone, right?

Almost inevitably, the genuine goodness of the character will triumph, often accompanied by the comeuppance of the disbeliever. The Con Man will be thwarted, the skeptical cynic will be surprised by The Power of Trust, and everyone will discover that "good" is not a synonym for "clueless victim".

A direct inversion of Good Is Dumb and Dumb Is Good. The ultimate stage of this is the Guile Hero who can play The Chessmaster's game without falling into the ambiguity at best, clear villainy at worst of the Magnificent Bastard.

Compare and contrast with Wide-Eyed Idealist, Good Is Not Nice, Gentleman and a Scholar, Beware the Nice Ones, Crouching Moron, Hidden Badass, Evil Cannot Comprehend Good, and Good Is Old-Fashioned. Also see Rousseau Was Right and Incorruptible Pure Pureness.

Examples of Good Is Not Dumb include:

Anime and Manga

  • Gantz: Masaru Kato. He is about as morally upstanding as they come, but he'll still preemptively ambush a guy on the toilet in order to defend himself and head off further violence.
  • Karakuridouji Ultimo: Sophia. He's on the Good Doji side, and is the embodiment of Wisdom.
  • Liar Game: Nao. Like Corporal Carrot, she started off extremely naive, honest and easily manipulated. As the game continued, however, we see that she is a lot smarter than she appears. She even schemes with Fukunaga and doesn't tell Akiyama and pulled it off, and often uses her innocent nature to trick and trap others.
  • Lyrical Nanoha: Although most of the main cast of the franchise falls into either Lawful Good or Neutral Good alignment, they universally adhere to the spirit of it, not the letter. The normally polite and gentle Nanoha, for instance, won't hesitate to blast you out of the sky if it ensures your survival when crap actually hits the fan, and trying to outsmart her in combat... is a very bad idea. Other characters display similar tendencies, perhaps because most of them started off as villains and the rest learned from them.
  • In Dragonball Z: Goku may be a complete and utter moron at times. But his eldest son Gohan is a full fledged Genius Bruiser who gets straight A's and smashes around beings stronger than the Gods themselves!!
    • In Dragon Ball, Goku showed an unusual level of craftiness, and was shown to be at least reasonably clever. And that was outside of fighting. It seems he was just poorly educated. And both he and Vegeta agreed that Frieza had to be stopped.
  • Naruto: Hinata Hyuuga. She doesn't need to beat Neji in a fight, because her words alone revealed him for who he truly was during the Chuunin exams.
  • Rurouni Kenshin: Himura Kenshin.
  • Saint Seiya: Crystal Saint, Marin, Albiore, Mu, and Dohko. They were the only Saints outside of the main cast who weren't fooled by the fake Pope.
  • Trigun: Vash the Stampede.
  • Monster: Dr. Tenma, Nina Fortner, and Dr. Reichwein.
  • Taiki Kudou from Digimon Xros Wars.
  • The titular Master Keaton.
  • Fullmetal Alchemist: Ed and Al are child prodigies, and adapt to situations quite well.
  • Souten Kouro: Cao Cao is serious about upholding the law, but he's not Lawful Stupid and knows a set-up when he sees it during his tenure as police chief. As he said in exposing the eunuch Jian Shi's plot against him: "I am not the kind of fool that would kill His Highness, who you had caught in your wicked scheme!"

Comic Books

  • The original Captain America, Steve Rogers. Super-soldier, tactical genius, inspirational leader, unfailingly polite and incorruptibly idealistic.
  • Superman sometimes invokes this trope, often when an Anti-Hero claims that Good Is Old-Fashioned.
    • ...except when certain writers depict him as an idiot on the assumption that anyone that powerful must be Dumb Muscle.
    • It's because of his peerless strength that Superman is one of these by default. The only way to give him interesting stories is to give him opponents that work around his strength and test his wits. More often than not, Superman has to solve problems by highly specific and concentrated applications of force. In fact, he has as many if not more characteristics of a Guile Hero as an Action Hero, especially when faced with foes stronger than him.
  • It's implied that The Gentleman from Astro City is one of these. His goodness is never in question—he's unfailingly polite, selfless, and idealistic, even in the midst of battle. On the other hand, his intelligence to date has been largely implied; for example, he's one of the few super-beings who avoided capture during a secret alien invasion.
  • Spider-Man certainly has his flaws, he's hot headed, neurotic and can occasionally descend into bouts of self-pity, yet he's still extremely loyal to his loved ones, lives by a very strict Thou Shalt Not Kill code and above all else, he values responsibility. He also happens to be a genius scientist.
  • In Zatanna's ongoing series she is confronted by Oscar Hampel, who claims that he was turned into a puppet because of a tragic series of events almost out of his control and that his violent actions were an isolated event. Zatanna accepts that her father, for all his wisdom and power, was only human and might have overreacted by turning Oscar into a puppet. She gives Oscar the benefit of the doubt and agrees to help him become human again...after she runs him through a magic Lie Detector, that is. After all, just because her father was not perfect does not mean he was wrong this time, and she is going to make sure before she takes any actions.

Fan Works

  • The dwarven noble protagonist in Dragon Age: The Crown of Thorns can be considered an embodiment of this trope.
  • The Reasonable Marines, a fanmade Space Marine Chapter for Warhammer 40,000, will attempt diplomacy first whenever possible, which makes then positively heretical in the shoot-first-ask-questions-never Imperium of Man. The fool that refuses their overtures gets to be on the receiving end of stealth tactics, combined arms and all-around Combat Pragmatism.


  • Abbe Coulmier from Quills is a compassionate priest who believes Rousseau Was Right, and serves as a foil to the Marquis de Sade. While it initially seems like de Sade has the advantage, Coulmier turns out to be more than capable of zinging him right back, and punctures de Sade's pretensions to evil.

"You're not the anti-Christ. You're just a malcontent who knows how to spell."

  • Georgia Byrd from Last Holiday might seem naïve, but she is a very good saleswoman and gives some solid advice to other characters. Despite all of Kragen’s attempts to humiliate her, Georgia is usually one step ahead of him.
  • Batman is portrayed as such in The Dark Knight Saga. In fact, most of the plot of The Dark Knight revolves around the Joker trying to get Batman to break his moral code and prove that, deep down, everybody is just like him and that Batman's idealism is misplaced. He fails miserably.
  • In Cars 2, Mater's simple nature belies the fact that he's a genius at recognizing obscure car parts at a glance. He also almost escapes from the Lemons even when his cover is blown. He later uses this to identify Sir Miles Axelrod as the mastermind behind the efforts to sabotage the World Grand Prix.
  • Mace Windu from Star Wars was not remotely wrong to be worried about what would happen if Emperor Palpatine was allowed to remain in office. He was planning to commit Jedi genocide more or less the whole time. And yes, Mace Windu was a Jedi.
  • Enchanted: Giselle from Enchanted turns out not to be stupid at all…despite first appearances. She already knows something that Robert doesn’t... the world is not a terrible place to live in. And while it’s not perfect as she initially thinks, she catches on very quickly.


  • Discworld:
    • Carrot Ironfoundersson greets everyone by name, is perpetually polite and cheerful, and selflessly volunteers to help anyone in need. But anyone who mistakes him for an easy mark quickly learns otherwise.

And that was Carrot at work. He could sound so innocent, so friendly, so... stupid, in a puppy-dog kind of way, and then he became this big block of steel and you walked right into it.

    • While Sam Vimes is a textbook example of Good Is Not Nice, his wife Sybil is an example of this trope. She's always unflappably polite and kind-hearted (even to Nobby Nobbs), but beneath her lighthearted exterior is a razor-sharp mind, as demonstrated when she negotiated Ankh-Morpork's fat trade with the Dwarf King in The Fifth Elephant.
    • And then there's Nanny Ogg, the Cool Old Lady who's always up for a good drink, a good smoke, and a good ribald song. Yet she's smart enough to keep Granny Weatherwax in check.
  • In Good Omens, the ever-polite angel Aziraphale occasionally gets visits from the representatives of property developers who are very concerned about the possible risk of fire to his bookshop.. He listens to them cheerfully and politely sends them on their way, and they never return...
  • In The Hunger Games, Peeta is kind and patient and totally kills people in the arena, including finishing off one girl in cold blood while he's in the Career pack, besides being three steps ahead when it comes to manipulating the on-camera narrative.
  • The Father Brown series, by G. K. Chesterton, uses this heavily with its titular character. In his first appearance, the Gentleman Thief Flambeau is shocked that a quiet, unassuming priest can not only outwit him but knows more than him about criminal behaviour. Father Brown points out that of course priests know these things; people confess to them.
  • None of the main cast of Codex Alera can be considered dumb, but Tavi in particular stands out. He's constantly derided for being overly idealistic and trying to make peace with nonhuman species who have been at war with Alera for centuries. However, he's a Guile Hero with a talent for Crazy Awesome Batman Gambits and understanding creatures that don't think like humans, so as often as not his idealism actually pays off, much to the surprise (and sometimes annoyance) of his detractors.
  • Jim Butcher's other series, The Dresden Files, also uses this trope on the Knights of the Cross, Michael Carpenter in particular. Michael is a Church Militant Knight in Shining Armor and devout Catholic, but he's also a perceptive person. If it looks like he's falling for a Plan, it's because he believes it's the only honorable way to get Harry out of the latest mess and/or God will see him through it, never because he hasn't noticed the risk.
    • Also because Harry has risked the same for him.
  • Brother Cadfael from the Ellis Peters mystery novels is a very intelligent man, quite good at medicine, reading people and bringing the most unnoticeable clues together. He is also remarkably kind and compassionate. Hugh Beringar is also a good and honorable person—and a Magnificent Bastard on top of that.
  • In Timothy Zahn novels, Luke is written this way. While he may be one of the strongest Jedi, he is also able to outsmart his opponents when necessary.
  • Wedge Antilles, in his film and early EU appearances, was just an Ace Pilot, leader of Rogue Squadron, and loyal to his friends and cause. His day in the limelight, the X Wing Series, showed some promising hints of interpersonal savvy, tactical insight, and further loyalty to principles rather than organization. This is turned Up to Eleven by the time of his Aaron Allston-written appearances in the New Jedi Order and Legacy of the Force. He's adept at Xanatos Speed Chess, an incredibly quick thinker, adept at cutting past what people are saying to what they mean and their underlying goals, and a loving husband and father who is deeply principled and moral. Somehow, people keep underestimating him.
  • In The Lord of the Rings, Frodo makes it very clear to Gollum that he is well aware that Gollum is trying to think of a way to betray the hobbits and take back the ring. Sam is surprised at this because he had assumed Frodo was far too good a person to be able to understand deception and treachery. Sam admits that he (and probably Gollum as well) "had confused kindness with blindness."

Live-Action TV

  • Benton Fraser from Due South. Honest, noble, impeccably polite at all times... and a lot more competent and intelligent than he appears.
    • Incredibly reminiscent of Captain Carrot, to the point that you think somebody must have been inspired by somebody else. Apparently not, though.
  • Dr. Molly Clock in Scrubs. Her cheery optimism refuses to yield even against the naked cynicism of Dr. Cox and Dr. Kelso, and allows her to triumph against them.
  • Trance Gemini of Andromeda.
  • Rodney McKay was quite surprised to find that Col. Sheppard has a Mensa-worthy IQ.
  • In the Firefly episode "Trash," Saffron assumes Mal is an idiot because he's being kind and compassionate to her. Then she walks headlong into his Batman Gambit when it turns out he expected her sudden but inevitable betrayal, and Inara beat Saffron to the drop point.
  • Carly in iCarly sees the best in people, but if betrayed or oppressed, will come up with a scheme like having a massive in-school riot to get the good principal back.
  • Occurs several times in Survivor—Natalie in Samoa successfully played Russell's scheming to her own benefit. Also "Fabio" in Nicaragua, who had a "lovable goof" personality but was reasonably game-savvy and combined the two to get the win.
  • On Season 2 of The Amazing Race, Tara & Wil and Chris & Alex constantly ragged on Blake for being an idiot, despite this, he made several brilliant strategic moves, including being the first team to beg for money, getting his bags on a flight when all the other teams had to check theirs, and getting preferred parking on a ferry, most of which were decried by the above teams as "cheating".
    • Part of Boston Rob getting Uchenna & Joyce and Gretchen & Meredith on a faster flight in Season 7 (when Rob, in order to mess with their heads, mentioned a fictional earlier flight, which just turned out to exist) was him talking about how Uchenna & Joyce couldn't do anything for themselves.
  • Eiji Hino from Kamen Rider OOO may seem like a carefree fool, however underneath his simple exterior lies a rather cunning mind.

Video Games

  • Commander Shepard of Mass Effect, when played Paragon, is this. Despite only one minor, notable exception, Paragon Shepard is a good friend, with many Pet the Dog and Crowning Moment of Heartwarming moments who is definitely an idealist. That said, mess with him/her and the people he/she cares about (or just innocent people), and you will die. Period.
    • I'm curious. What's the exception?
    • Probably letting Elnora the mercenary go in Mass Effect 2.
      • Even that's understandable. Shepard didn't have the time or manpower to take a person prisoner even if s/he knew that she was a murderer. And Paragon Shepard is not someone who's just going to gun a defenseless person down.
    • Taken to the extreme in the Overlord DLC. At the end, when Shepard discovers what Dr. Archer did to his autistic brother David, s/he's reasonably pissed off, and tries to take David away to get treatment for the torture he's endured. When Dr. Archer brandishes a gun at Shepard, the player has the option to pistol whip him... as a paragon interrupt.
      • The renegade option, for the six billion of you who didn't take it, has Shepard leave David with his brother, but s\he still smacks him around and tells him he's a sick bastard who's only spared because the project might prevent a war.
  • Does not even begin to describe Sereph Lamington, a Chessmaster grade example.
  • Mega Man X, a Neutral Good Reluctant Warrior who lives in an increasingly Crapsack World infested with The Virus, capable of turning even his best friend against him. Often referred to as 'too trusting' in-universe and 'emo' outside of it because he doesn't like killing people. He's also an Sealed Good in a Can Super Prototype One-Man Army with lots of combat experience and what he can't handle his aforementioned best friend will. He also ends up ruling the world, basically because he's the only person that could manage it. There was talk of having him hit the Despair Event Horizon, lose that compassion and become the Big Bad of the sequel series. That would have been bad.
  • Garlot of Blaze Union may not be very smart to begin with, but he has a very sensitive nature that allows him to accurately read and understand his rivals and enemies' motivations. As his adventures start to gain him more and more street cred, it's his overwhelmingly gentle and compassionate heart that manages to win the hearts of his entire country—including those very rivals and enemies, more often than not. We get to see in the future just how much Bronquia really appreciates having a leader who's kind, just, and competent.
  • Duessel from Fire Emblem: The Sacred Stones.
  • Kaguya Nanbu from Endless Frontier is naive, but she isn’t wrong to try to make as many friends as she can. And she is not wrong to want to be the lover of Haken Browning. While he is lecherous, he is dating her for more than just her body. And at the end of the day, he does not see her as an object.

Web Comics

  • Almost all of the good guys in The Order of the Stick fall under this trope, with the exception of Elan. Paladins even state outright (several times) that they're "Good, not dumb."
    • And even Elan isn't completely dumb, because what he lacks in book smarts, he makes up for in Genre Savvy.
    • Miko might be another exception. "Good, not dumb" is often a response to people expecting other paladins to act like her.
  • Arthur in Arthur, King of Time and Space. His enemies often assume that because he's nice, unassuming, and prepared to give the benefit of the doubt if possible, he can't be dangerous. Many of them are dead now, and the remaining ones still haven't learnt.
  • Everyone thinks that just because Gilgamesh Wulfenbach never built a Death Ray and tries to be civilized and fair, they can push him around and act like he's nothing. When he's finally pushed over the edge, he shows the entire world that yes, he does know how to build a Death Ray, and yes, he's perfectly capable of kicking the crap out of Europa to protect his father and not-girlfriend.
    • He doesn't build a Death Ray, he builds a device that can summon forth energy from the environment. LIKE LIGHTNING!
      • This is apparently accepted under Europa's cultural definition of 'death ray.'
    • When he does flip out and brings this up, he scares some very hard-to-scare people, while delivering an incredible beatdown to the over-sized war criminal sent to retrieve him. And at the end:

Gil: Well, you know what? I can do crazy. I really can. And it looks like I'm going to have to. Agatha is in danger. This whole town is in danger. If I'm going to be able to help her at all, I'm going to have to give up all this "being reasonable" garbage and show you idiots what kind of madboy you're really dealing with! [Smashes Vole apparently through a wall, Beat, sudden wide eyes] ...oh. Oh, no. This must be how my father feels - all the time!

Western Animation

  • Arguably Ned Flanders from The Simpsons, at least in the early seasons. He's smart enough to outsmart Homer, though that's not saying much.
  • In the Justice League episode "Flash and Substance," Orion asks why Central City would honor a buffoon like the Flash, "who makes bad jokes, who concerns with pitiful men like the Trickster." But the Flash is anything but dumb — he's able to handle the Trickster without throwing a single punch. In fact, he convinces the Trickster to happily turn himself in to the police.
    • He's also a forensic scientist in his civilian job, and a good one too.
    • You can tell that even Batman is almost envious of his ability to quietly shut down a super-foe, something he cannot imagine being able to do in Gotham.
  • Ron’s naivety comes to play in the early Kim Possible episode “Sink or Swim”. He continually mistakes camps across Wannaweep for different camps, even though Gill can recognize them easily. However, he was not wrong to want to avoid swimming in Lake Wannaweep, and he ends up setting an efficient trap for the evil, intelligent Gill in the end.
    • Kim herself is this trope personified. This is why she does well against Dr. Drakken, her arch foe. Though Dr. Drakken is a mad scientist, Kim is not stupid herself. Though having a sidekick does help.
  • King of the Hill: While Hank Hill is short-tempered, it turns out he was absolutely right to warn Buckley to be careful with canisters of propane. Specifically, putting pressure on the valve. He warns Buckley if he’s not careful, he’ll end up causing a gas leak. Unfortunately, Buckley is too stupid to listen and the Megalomart blows up. This occurs during “Propane Boom” and “Death of a Propane Salesman”.

Real Life

  • Studies show that more trusting people are often more capable of telling when others are lying.[context?]
    • Which is the kind of Fridge Brilliance only found in Real Life. A person gets mistrustful if they get burnt one time too many - if you can see lies and deceptions coming, people will not get a chance to betray you, and therefore you will not become hurt, wary and eventually (possibly) paranoid.
      • The opposite could just as easily be argued if one sees 'being lied to' as the cause and then 'becoming more apprehensive of potential lies' as the effect, rather than the reverse.
    • A more likely explanation is simply that people who are more trusting of others are typically those with good social skills. Which makes them better at spotting and interpreting body language, getting a rough idea on other people's moods and current mental state (stressed, agitated, relaxed, bored, etc.) - and all of that helps in figuring out if someone is telling the truth or lying through his teeth.
    • It could also be the other way: if you can't tell when people are lying, protecting yourself means assuming that everyone might be. Being good at telling when people are lying means that you don't need that, so you can be trusting.
    • It's quite likely that all three explanations contribute to the effect. Psychology!
    • How about, if you lie too many times, the only ones who will hang around you are those whom nobody trusts?
      • Could just as well say, if you lie too many times you'll get so good at it you can hang out with anyone. Both statements could be true too, in different cultures or places or even situations. Cause and effect is like that. It is why scientists spend such a lot of time obsessing about proof and checking and rechecking things.